Amateur cultural activities
Statistical activity code: 40409
Amateurs of folk culture by type of activity, age, sex and national origin
Amateur folk culture groups by type of activity
Institutions and organisations with amateur groups by type and type of owner
Instructors of folk culture groups by type of activity and professional education
Classification of Estonian administrative units and settlements (EHAK)
Age group – an age group to which the instructor of the folk culture group believes most of the amateurs in the group belong. If there are amateurs of different ages in the group, the instructor can indicate ‘different age groups’. From 2008 to 2015, ‘different age groups’ were classified as adults.
Amateur of folk culture – a participant and performer in the field of folk culture who practices folk culture in the free time and outside the main job. In most cases, no remuneration is received for the activities. Participants in so-called ‘project groups’ or groups that are active for less than one year are not included. In most cases, instructors of amateur groups of folk culture are professionals with special education.
Community centre – a building designed for creating culture and participation in culture, where cultural activities and events are carried out by amateurs and professionals. Included are civic centres, society houses, village houses, cultural centres, hobby centres and other similar institutions used for mediating culture.
County – the county of activity or meeting of the folk culture group.
Field of activity – folk culture activity area of an amateur folk culture group. These are:
- Folklore – intangible cultural tradition from storytelling to folk music of Estonians and local minorities that has been preserved or revived and handed down from generation to generation. Folklore expressions include language, folk songs, folk music, folk dance, customs, ethnographic handicraft and other forms of traditional culture; communal activities, rituals and festive events. For example, a folklore group plays folk music but between musical pieces presents oral texts derived from the local lore of some locality or country. Amateur groups of folk culture include permanent groups. So-called ‘project groups’ that have come together for a project or for less than one year are not included.;
- Amateur theatre – a permanent non-professional theatre for children, youths or adults that prepares and performs drama, music, dance and other performances. In most cases, there are no professional actors in amateur theatre groups and the actors are not paid. Amateur theatres include folk theatre, village theatre, student theatre, school theatre, puppet theatre, drama groups, handicap theatre. Project groups that have come together for a project, a single performance or are active for less than one year are not included.;
- Choral music – includes amateur chamber choirs, boys’ choirs, girls’ choirs, women’s choirs, men’s choirs, children’s choirs, mixed choirs and other types of choirs;
- Choral music performers – includes participants in hobby choirs such as boys', girls', women’s, men’s, children’s, mixed, chamber choirs or other choirs;
- Other vocal music – includes different vocal music ensembles. Included are mixed ensembles, social singing groups, women’s ensembles, boys’ ensembles, men’s ensembles, girls’ ensembles, children’s singing groups and singing studios and soloist studies;
- Wind music – includes amateur brass orchestras and ensembles;
- Folk music – folk songs and folk music. Folk music is played by folk groups (mostly folk music ensemble/orchestra) and individual performers; folk music is usually performed by amateurs.;
- Folk dance – a dance performed mostly with folk music or music inspired by folk music. Folk dance is an amateur traditional dance of Estonians and other ethnicities and tradition/folklore-based original choreography. Included are permanent folk dance groups.;
- Handicraft – handicraft based on the national traditions or working methods of ethnic-cultural groups. Included are artisans in societies and those with professional qualifications (with a professional certificate). Individuals who do handicrafts for their own pleasure and use at home are not included.;
- Other activities – dance, instrumental music, cultural management, activities of cultural societies and other fields of folk culture that cannot be classified under any of the other fields of activity shown in the table.
Folk culture – the field covers recreational creative activities based on national traditions, traditional culture, intangible cultural heritage, research, preservation and recording of national and local cultural traditions, public cultural events and social activities, training and continuing education in the field of folk culture. Folk culture includes various fields of activity, including intangible cultural heritage research, recreational choral singing, folk dance, handicraft, theatre, folklore, social life, etc. (See “Field of activity”).
Society – a non-profit organisation operating in the field of folk culture. Partnerships are excluded. An umbrella organisation may also be called a central society.
Institutions with amateur folk culture groups and amateurs in these groups
Folk culture organisations, collectives and individuals who submitted a report to the Folk Culture Centre
Estonia as a whole
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Data are published under the subject area “Social life / Culture” in the statistical database at http://pub.stat.ee.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes.
Data serve as input for statistical activity 50101 “Regional development”.
Estonian Folk Culture Centre also disseminates data on their webpage https://rahvakultuur.ee/andmebaas/.
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Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
Ministry of Culture
Association of Estonian Cities and Municipalities
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Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys. All results are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section User surveys.
Use of administrative data ensures complete coverage and timeliness.
Use of administrative data ensures data accuracy.
The people who enter the data in the register may make mistakes during data entry which are impossible to discover. Institutions may not update all the data annually as required. In a few cases, a group that is active in several fields of folk culture is included under several fields at the same time and performers are counted under each field.
Data are published for the whole of Estonia and counties. Geographical comparability at international level cannot be assessed.
The time series begin in 2008 and are fully comparable.
The cross-domain coherence can not be assessed. The data on amateurs of folk culture, amateur folk culture groups and their instructors and institutions and organisations with amateur groups are collected in Estonia by the Estonian Folk Culture Centre only. Many surveys have included questions about performing in cultural activities, but they are not limited to folk culture only and are therefore not comparable with folk culture data.
The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent.
The data in the field of folk culture are based on the folk culture database (RAKU) managed by the Estonian Centre of Folk Culture. RAKU is the basis for supporting the tradition of song and dance festivals and launching other regional and sectoral measures. RAKU includes the traditional culture of Estonians and other nations and artistic and regular recreational activities based on national traditions. The following data are received from the Estonian Folk Culture Centre: number of amateurs of folk culture by type of activity, sex, age group, national origin and location; number of amateur folk culture groups by type of activity and location; institutions and organizations with amateur groups by type of owner and institution and location; instructors of folk culture groups by type of activity, location and level of professional education.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data are collected from all folk culture groups, individuals and organisations in Estonia that correspond to the Estonian Folk Culture Centre’s definitions of folk culture.
Respondents (10,000) submit reports through county-level contact persons to the Estonian Folk Culture Centre.
The aggregated data are received from the Estonian Folk Culture Centre by e-mail and submitted to Statistics Estonia once a year as at 31 December.
The data are compared with the data of previous periods. All columns are checked to make sure that they have been completed as required.
The collected data are converted into statistical output. This includes calculating additional indicators.