Integration of disabled persons
Statistical activity code: 40611
Contriving of disabled persons: at-risk-of-poverty rate and equivalised disposable income of disabled persons; health status, accessibility of health care and need for assistance, time use and employment
Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2
Disability – loss of or abnormality in the anatomical, physiological or mental structure or function of a person which in conjunction with different attitudinal and environmental restrictions prevents participation in social life on equal terms with others. Disability of children of up to 16 years of age and persons of retirement age is established based on the need for personal assistance, guidance or supervision. Disability of a person of 16 years of age up to retirement age is established based on restrictions on participation in daily activities and social life. There are three degrees of disability: profound, severe or moderate.
Economically active population / labour force – persons who wish and are able to work (total of employed and unemployed persons).
Economically passive / inactive population – persons who do not wish or are not able to work.
Employed – a person who during the reference period
- worked and was paid as a wage earner, entrepreneur or a free-lancer;
- worked without direct payment in a family enterprise or on his / her own farm;
- was temporarily absent from work.
Employment rate – the share of the employed in the age group.
Full work ability – a person’s ability to work has not been reduced by his/her health condition and the resulting activity limitations.
Labour force participation rate / activity rate – the share of the labour force (total number of the employed and unemployed) in the age group.
Limited capacity for work – permanent incapacity for work (established by the Social Insurance Board), partial or no work ability (established by the Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund).
Medical assessment committee – committee at a health care institution whose task is to determine the loss of capacity for work and degree of disability. Medical assessment committees were active until 31 December 2007. Starting from 1 January 2008, these were eliminated and the Social Insurance Board started to determine the degree of severity of disability, involving medical experts. The Social Insurance Board entered into contracts with medical experts under the Law of Obligations Act. As of 1 July 2016, if necessary, the Social Insurance Board involves in determining the degree of severity of disability persons who have completed medical training.
Moderate disability – loss of or abnormality in the anatomical, physiological or mental structure or function of a person as a result of which, depending on the age, the person needs regular personal assistance or guidance outside his/her residence at least once a week. Here are also included persons who have difficulties in daily activities or in participating in social life.
No work ability – a person’s working under normal conditions is significantly hindered by his/her health condition and the resulting activity limitations. No work ability is established by the Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund.
Partial work ability – a person’s working is partially hindered by his/her health condition and the resulting activity limitations. Partial work ability is established by the Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund.
Partially incapacitated for work – a person who is able to work in order to support himself/herself, but due to a functional impairment caused by illness or injury is unable to perform work suitable for him/her in the amount corresponding to the general national standard for working time. A 10–90% loss of capacity for work corresponds to partial incapacity for work.
Permanent incapacity for work – total or partial incapacity for work. The extent of permanent incapacity for work is expressed as a percentage of loss of capacity for work (with a number ending in zero). Permanent incapacity for work is established by the Social Insurance Board.
Primary sector – agriculture, hunting, forestry, fishing.
Private sector – enterprises whose owner is Estonian or foreign person by private law.
Public sector – enterprises and organisations whose owner is state or local government.
Profound disability – loss of or abnormality in the anatomical, physiological or mental structure or function of a person as a result of which, depending on the age, the person needs personal assistance, guidance or supervision 24 hours a day. Here are also included persons whose daily activities and participation in social life are totally hindered.
Secondary sector – mining, manufacturing, electricity, gas and water supply, construction.
Severe disability – loss of or abnormality in the anatomical, physiological or mental structure or function of a person as a result of which, depending on the age, the person needs personal assistance, guidance or supervision in every 24-hour period. Here are also included persons whose daily activities or participation in social life are limited.
Tertiary sector – trade, services, etc.
Totally incapacitated for work – a person with a serious functional impairment caused by illness or injury as a result of which he/she is not able to work in order to support himself/herself. A 100% loss of capacity for work corresponds to total incapacity for work.
Unemployed – a person who fulfils the following three conditions:
- he or she is without work (does not work anywhere at the moment and is not temporarily absent from work);
- he or she is currently (in the course of two weeks) available for work if there should be work;
- he or she is actively seeking work.
Unemployment rate – the share of the unemployed in the labour force.
Persons who are disabled or permanently incapacitated for work
Estonia as a whole
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Data serve as input for statistical activity 50101 “Regional development”.
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Ministry of Social Affairs
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All required indicators are published.
The data are nationally comparable.
The data are comparable over time.
Differences in methodology need to be taken into account when comparing the statistics with data from other sources.
The internal consistency of the data is ensured by the use of a common methodology for data collection and data aggregation.
Data of incapacity for work and degree of disability (moderate, severe, profound) are received from the Social Insurance Board and data of capacity for work (since 1 July 2016) from Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund.
Data on disabled persons enrolled in education at different levels are received from the Estonian Education Information System (EHIS) of the Ministry of Education and Research.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data from statistical activities 40003 “Household Panel Survey”, 40203 “Household Budget Survey”,40701 “Labour Force Survey” and 40101 “Time Use Survey“ are used.
Administrative data are received by e-mail.
The data are compared with the data of previous periods. All columns are checked to make sure that they have been completed as required.
In the case of missing or unreliable data, estimate imputation based on established regulations is used.
Variables and statistical units which were not collected but which are necessary for producing the output are calculated. New variables are calculated by applying arithmetic conversion to already existing variables. This may be done repeatedly, the derived variable may, in turn, be based on previously derived new variables.
Microdata are aggregated to the level necessary for analysis. This includes aggregating the data according to the classification, and calculating various statistical measures, e.g. average, median, dispersion, etc.
The collected data are converted into statistical output. This includes calculating additional indicators.
The indicators are calculated on the basis of individual surveys carried out by Statistics Estonia. The surveys used are the Estonian Social Survey (Contriving of disabled persons, tables PHV41–PHV54), Labour Force Survey (Employment of disabled persons, tables PHV601–PHV603, PHV61–PHV69), Household Budget Survey (Households with disabled member, tables PHV81–PHV86) and Time Use Survey (Time use of disabled persons, tables PHV31–PHV35).