Statistical activity code: 40612
Disability-free life expectancy by ethnic nationality (Estonians, non-Estonians)
Statistical Classification of Regional Units of Estonia
Access to health care – persons who during the past 12 months were in a situation where they needed medical attention but for some reason did not receive it, are considered as having experienced problems with access to health care.
At-risk-of-poverty risk – 60% of equalised yearly median income of household members.
Disability free life expectancy – the average number of years an individual is expected to live free of disability if current patterns of mortality and disability continue to apply.
Equalised income – the total household income, which is divided by a sum of equivalence scales of all household members.
Household’s disposable income – a sum of income from wage labour, benefits and losses from self-employment, property income, social transfers, regular inter-household cash transfers received and receipts for tax adjustment of which inter-household cash transfers paid, taxes on wealth and repayments for tax adjustment have been subtracted.
Income quintile – for the calculation income quintiles household members are ranked by equalised income and allocated to five groups so that the lowest quintile contains one fifth of the persons with the lowest income, etc.
Rural settlements – include small towns and villages.
Urban settlements – include cities, cities without municipal status and towns.
All households living permanently in Estonia are considered as the surveyed population. Persons living in institutional households (children’s homes, care homes, convents) are excluded.
Persons registered in the population register and their household members
Estonia as a whole
Urban and rural settlements
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia (in Estonian). See more details on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Õigusaktid.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).
All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
Data are published under the subject area “Social life / Health” in the statistical database at https://andmed.stat.ee/en/stat.
The quality report sent to Eurostat is available at https://circabc.europa.eu.
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
Ministry of Social Affairs
Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys. All results are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section User surveys.
All required indicators are published.
The accuracy of source data is monitored by assessing the methodological soundness of data sources and the adherence to the methodological recommendations.
The type of survey and the data collection methods ensure sufficient coverage and timeliness.
Although a person has the obligation to ensure correctness of residential address in the population register, there is some under-coverage of persons and households there. Assuming that all persons living permanently in Estonia are registered in the population register and considering the amount of imprecise addresses in the population register, the under-coverage of households may be at most 1–1.5%.
Measurement errors can stem from the questionnaire (its wording, design, etc), interviewees, interviewers and the data collection method. While it is impossible to completely avoid this type of errors, Statistics Estonia has tried to reduce them as much as possible.
The data are checked in three stages: initial check upon data entry during the interview (on the laptop), secondary check of newly received data at the office and finally data cleaning.
Data entry mistakes have decreased thanks to the continuing development of primary logic checks in the data entry program.
The survey is conducted based on a uniform methodology in all European Union countries and in Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey, which enables to publish internationally comparable statistics.
Sullivan’s method is used to calculate healthy life years. Input data are the mean annual population across five-year groups by sex and age, the number of deaths and the proportion of people in good health in the same age groups. Good health is defined as the absence of restrictions on daily activities, and this data is derived from the social survey.
The data are comparable over time.
The source data are derived from the Estonian Social Survey. Social Survey is a personal survey aimed at assessing the income distribution, living conditions and social exclusion of households and individuals. The survey is carried out in all European Union Member States as well as in Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey. Statistics Estonia has been conducting social surveys since 2004. Pilot surveys were conducted in 2002–2003.
When comparing data from different sources, methodological differences should be kept in mind.
The internal consistency of the data is ensured by the use of a common methodology for data collection and data aggregation.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data from statistical activity 40003 “Household Panel Survey” are used.
The data are compared with the data of previous periods. All columns are checked to make sure that they have been completed as required.
The weights are calculated according to the sampling weights found based on inclusion probabilities. Final estimates are calculated using weights, which are adjusted beforehand to compensate for the shift caused by loss, and calibrated afterwards on the data of the population. This is based on the distribution of the inhabitants of Estonia (known from demographic data) by sex and age group and county on 1 January of the survey year.
All published estimates have been calculated for the total population (or for the population of a respective region). The size of respective populations has been determined on the basis of the estimated total population provided by Statistics Estonia. Due to rounding and missing values, the column sums are not always equal with the total; the difference may be up to some last decimal places.
Statistics Estonia uses the internationally recommended Sullivan method to calculate disability free life expectancy. The input data for this method include the mean annual population by 5-year sex-age groups; the number of deaths; and the share of people in a healthy condition in these age groups. A healthy condition is defined as one without health-related limitations in daily activities. Population health data were taken from the annual Estonian Social Survey (ESS).