Use of pesticides
Statistical activity code: 10502
Used quantities of pesticides and treated area by crop
Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2
Classification of Use of Agricultural Land
The surveyed agricultural crops are classified as follows:
- cereals (wheat, rye, barley, triticale, oats, mixed cereals, buckwheat);
- legumes (field peas, field beans, other legumes);
- industrial crops (oil flax, rape and turnip rape, other industrial crops);
- open-field vegetables (cabbages, cucumbers, red beets, carrots, onions, garlic, green peas, swedes, other open-field vegetables);
- vegetables under glass (cucumbers, tomatoes, other vegetables under glass);
- fruit and berry plantations (apples and pears, plums, cherries, red and white currants, blackcurrants, gooseberries, raspberries, strawberries, sea-buckthorn, other fruit and berries);
- nurseries (ligneous plants, fruit trees, berry bushes or ornamental young plants grown in the open air for subsequent transplantation, except non-commercial nurseries of forest trees in woods);
- flowers and ornamental plants (flowers and ornamental plants grown outdoors and under glass);
- fodder roots (excluding seeds);
- annual forage crops (maize, other annual forage crops);
- multiannual forage crops (clover, lucerne, other legumes, other temporary grassland);
- forage crops for seed;
- permanent grassland (Land not included in the crop rotation system, used for the permanent production (five years or longer) of green forage crops, whether sown or self-seeded and whether used for grazing or for harvesting as hay or silage, or only maintained in good agricultural and environmental condition.).
The classification used for pesticides corresponds to Annex III of Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 (https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32009R1185&qid=1611652536259&from=EN) of the European Parliament and of the Council.
Agricultural holdings, agricultural households
Agricultural land – used agricultural land, i.e. land under planted and harvested crops (field crops, greenhouse crops, fruit and berry plantations, nurseries, natural grasslands, orchards, vegetable gardens, and fallow land).
Area treated with pesticide – the part of sown area, which has been treated with one or more pesticides at the same time or at different growth phases one or more times; if the pesticide was used to treat seeds, then the area where the seeds have been used is calculated. None of the treated areas should be larger than the sown area.
Basic area treated (ha) – the area of crop which was treated with a given active substance, irrespective of the number of times that the substance was applied to that area. For example, if a ten-hectare wheat field is treated with an active substance twice, the basic area treated with that active substance is 10 hectares.
Desiccants – herbicides; desiccants are used to dry up leaves and weed.
Fungicides – used to defeat fungi and viral diseases (here are also seed treatment preparations).
Growth regulators – used to prevent or control internodes stretch.
Herbicides – used to kill weeds.
Insecticides – used to kill insects (here are also seed treatment preparations).
Molluscicides – used to kill molluscs (snails, slugs, mussels, etc.).
Seed treatment preparations – chemical with which seeds are treated prior to planting to prevent them from seed-borne or soil-borne pathogenic organisms and storage insects.
Sown area – area that has been sown at the time of reporting year, including the sown areas maintained from the last years. If the cereals were sown to get the green fodder, then the sown area is shown according to its real usage.
The amount of pesticide – the amount of pesticide formulation used to treat plants one or more times.
An agricultural holding who uses pesticides
Agricultural holdings who use pesticides
List of agricultural holdings where there is at least one hectare of utilised agricultural land or where there is less than one hectare of utilised agricultural land but agricultural products are produced mainly for sale. The list is generated from the statistical register of agricultural holdings.
Estonia as a whole
2013, 2014, 2015
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS
Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 November 2009 concerning statistics on pesticides
Regulation (EU) No 1264/2014 of 26 November 2014 amending Regulation (EU) No 408/2011 implementing Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning statistics on pesticides, as regards transmission format
Commission Regulation (EU) No 656/2011 of 7 July 2011 implementing Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning statistics on pesticides, as regards definitions and list of active substances (Text with EEA relevance)
COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2017/269 of 16 February 2017 amending Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning statistics on pesticides, as regards the list of active substances
OTHER LEGAL ACTS
Commission Regulation (EU) No 408/2011 of 27 April 2011 implementing Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning statistics on pesticides, as regards transmission format (Text with EEA relevance)
Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO)
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia (in Estonian). See more details on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Õigusaktid.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. On 1 October each year, the release times of the Statistical Database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications are announced in the release calendar (in case of publications – the release month).
All users have been granted an equal access to official statistics: this means that the dissemination dates of official statistics have to be announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) can have access to the official statistics (results of official statistical surveys) before other users. Statistical information is first published in the Statistical Database. In case a news release is published based on the same data, the information provided in the relevant news release is simultaneously published in the Statistical Database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8.00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calender.
Data are published in the statistical database at https://andmed.stat.ee/en/stat under the subject area “Environment / Agri-environmental indicators” in the following tables:
KK208: Use of pesticides in agricultural holdings
KK2081: Quantity of pesticides used and the basic area treated in agricultural holdings by active substance and crop
KK2082: Use of pesticides in agricultural holdings by county and crop
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes.
A common methodology for the collection of pesticide usage statistics within agriculture and horticulture, Eurostat (2008)
The report will be prepared in 2020 when data on the five-year period are submitted to Eurostat in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 concerning statistics on pesticides.
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, EU Statistics Code of Practice and the ESS Quality Assurance Framework (QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements provided for in § 7. „Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process (this information includes, among other things, feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees). This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
Ministry of the Environment
Ministry of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Center
Estonian University of Life Sciences
Users’ suggestions and information about taking them into account are available on the SE website http://www.stat.ee/tooplaan.
Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys. All results are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section User surveys.
In compliance with the rules (regulations).
The use of an internationally harmonized methodology, based on the European Union Regulation on pesticide statistics, allows for cross-country comparisons of published data.
The data are comparable over time since 2013, as the methodology and basic principles, definitions and classifications have remained the same over time.
The data are linked to agricultural statistics in the field of crop production and in compliance with the statistical activity 10503 “Sales of pesticides”.
The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent.
The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the section Principles of dissemination of official statistics of the website of Statistics Estonia.
The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, if errors are discovered, if new or better data become available.
The sample size and design for 2020 are under consideration.
In the 2015 survey, agricultural holdings with standard output (from crop production) of at least 100,000 euros were totally surveyed. In the case of agricultural holdings with smaller standard output, stratified simple random sampling was applied taking into account the size of utilised agricultural area and county.
Areas of crops were prefilled on the basis of the Estonian Agricultural Registers and Information Board (ARIB) data.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data from statistical activity 21214 „Crop farming” are used.
Over five years
The data on agricultural use of pesticides are collected with an online statistical questionnaire “Crop production” through the web application eSTAT. In the 2015 survey, also a paper-based questionnaire was used and mailed in.
The collection of the questionnaires is monitored in eSTAT. The questionnaires are to be filled in independently by the respondent and include instructions and controls.
The questionnaires and information about data submission for the year 2020 are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Questionnaires.
Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with the data of previous periods.
The data collected by sample survey were extrapolated to the total population. The areas of crops were prefilled on the basis of ARIB (Estonian Agricultural Registers and Information Board) data. In the case of non-response in the totally surveyed part of the survey (big holdings), the missing data were imputed based on administrative data sources. Non-response in other strata were compensated by weighting. In the case of holdings with imputed data, the used pesticide quantities for each crop were calculated on the basis of average pesticide quantities used in combination with areas of crops growing imputed on the basis of ARIB data.
The data were collected for preparations, not active substances. The quantities of preparations were recalculated to quantities of active substances in these preparations.
In the 2015 survey, the reference period covered the 2015 growing season, from post-harvest pesticide applications in 2014 through harvest in 2015. The purpose to add 2014 post-harvest treatments was to include all pesticides used on crops grown in 2015.