Use of pesticides
Statistical activity code: 10502
Used quantities of pesticides and treated area by crop
Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2
Classification of Use of Agricultural Land
The surveyed agricultural crops are classified as follows:
- cereals (wheat, rye, barley, triticale, oats, mixed cereals, buckwheat);
- legumes (field peas, field beans, other legumes);
- industrial crops (oil flax, rape and turnip rape, other industrial crops);
- open-field vegetables (cabbages, cucumbers, red beets, carrots, onions, garlic, green peas, swedes, other open-field vegetables);
- vegetables under glass (cucumbers, tomatoes, other vegetables under glass);
- fruit and berry plantations (apples and pears, plums, cherries, red and white currants, blackcurrants, gooseberries, raspberries, strawberries, sea-buckthorn, other fruit and berries);
- nurseries (ligneous plants, fruit trees, berry bushes or ornamental young plants grown in the open air for subsequent transplantation, except non-commercial nurseries of forest trees in woods);
- flowers and ornamental plants (flowers and ornamental plants grown outdoors and under glass);
- fodder roots (excluding seeds);
- annual forage crops (maize, other annual forage crops);
- multiannual forage crops (clover, lucerne, other legumes, other temporary grassland);
- forage crops for seed;
- permanent grassland (Land not included in the crop rotation system, used for the permanent production (five years or longer) of green forage crops, whether sown or self-seeded and whether used for grazing or for harvesting as hay or silage, or only maintained in good agricultural and environmental condition.).
The classification used for pesticides corresponds to Annex III of Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 (https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32009R1185&qid=1611652536259&from=EN) of the European Parliament and of the Council.
Agricultural small units
Agricultural land – used agricultural land, i.e. land under planted and harvested crops (field crops, greenhouse crops, fruit and berry plantations, nurseries, natural grasslands, orchards, vegetable gardens, and fallow land).
Area treated with pesticide – the part of sown area, which has been treated with one or more pesticides at the same time or at different growth phases one or more times; if the pesticide was used to treat seeds, then the area where the seeds have been used is calculated. None of the treated areas should be larger than the sown area.
Basic area treated (ha) – the area of crop which was treated with a given active substance, irrespective of the number of times that the substance was applied to that area. For example, if a ten-hectare wheat field is treated with an active substance twice, the basic area treated with that active substance is 10 hectares.
Desiccants – herbicides; desiccants are used to dry up leaves and weed.
Fungicides – used to defeat fungi and viral diseases (here are also seed treatment preparations).
Growth regulators – used to prevent or control internodes stretch.
Herbicides – used to kill weeds.
Insecticides – used to kill insects (here are also seed treatment preparations).
Molluscicides – used to kill molluscs (snails, slugs, mussels, etc.).
Seed treatment preparations – chemical with which seeds are treated prior to planting to prevent them from seed-borne or soil-borne pathogenic organisms and storage insects.
Sown area – area that has been sown at the time of reporting year, including the sown areas maintained from the last years. If the cereals were sown to get the green fodder, then the sown area is shown according to its real usage.
The amount of pesticide – the amount of pesticide formulation used to treat plants one or more times.
An agricultural holding who uses pesticides
Agricultural holdings who use pesticides
List of agricultural holdings where there is at least:
– 5 hectares of utilized agricultural area or;
– 2 hectares of arable land or;
– 0.5 hectares of potatoes or;
– 0.5 hectares of vegetables and strawberries or;
– 0.2 hectares of aromatic and medicinal plants and herbs, flowers, seeds, nurseries or;
– 0.3 hectares of fruit and berry plantations, other permanent crops (except nurseries) or;
– 100 m2 of greenhouses.
The list is generated from the statistical register of agricultural holdings.
Estonia as a whole
2013, 2014, 2015, 2020
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS
Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 November 2009 concerning statistics on pesticides
Regulation (EU) No 1264/2014 of 26 November 2014 amending Regulation (EU) No 408/2011 implementing Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning statistics on pesticides, as regards transmission format
Commission Regulation (EU) No 656/2011 of 7 July 2011 implementing Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning statistics on pesticides, as regards definitions and list of active substances (Text with EEA relevance)
COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2017/269 of 16 February 2017 amending Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning statistics on pesticides, as regards the list of active substances
OTHER LEGAL ACTS
Commission Regulation (EU) No 408/2011 of 27 April 2011 implementing Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning statistics on pesticides, as regards transmission format (Text with EEA relevance)
Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO)
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia (in Estonian). See more details on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Õigusaktid.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. On 1 October each year, the release times of the Statistical Database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications are announced in the release calendar (in case of publications – the release month).
All users have been granted an equal access to official statistics: this means that the dissemination dates of official statistics have to be announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) can have access to the official statistics (results of official statistical surveys) before other users. Statistical information is first published in the Statistical Database. In case a news release is published based on the same data, the information provided in the relevant news release is simultaneously published in the Statistical Database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8.00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calender.
Data are published in the statistical database at https://andmed.stat.ee/en/stat under the subject area “Environment / Agri-environmental indicators” in the following tables:
KK208: Use of pesticides in agricultural holdings
KK2081: Quantity of pesticides used and the basic area treated in agricultural holdings by active substance and crop
KK2082: Use of pesticides in agricultural holdings by county and crop
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes.
A common methodology for the collection of pesticide usage statistics within agriculture and horticulture, Eurostat (2008)
The report will be prepared in 2020 when data on the five-year period are submitted to Eurostat in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 concerning statistics on pesticides.
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, EU Statistics Code of Practice and the ESS Quality Assurance Framework (QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements provided for in § 7. „Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process (this information includes, among other things, feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees). This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
Ministry of the Environment
Ministry of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Centre
Estonian University of Life Sciences
Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys. All results are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section User surveys.
In compliance with the rules (regulations).
The use of an internationally harmonized methodology, based on the European Union Regulation on pesticide statistics, allows for cross-country comparisons of published data.
The data are comparable over time since 2013, as the methodology and basic principles, definitions and classifications have remained the same over time.
The data are linked to agricultural statistics in the field of crop production and in compliance with the statistical activity 10503 “Sales of pesticides”.
The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent.
The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the section Principles of dissemination of official statistics of the website of Statistics Estonia.
The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, if errors are discovered, if new or better data become available.
Total population is 11,102 objects. The crop farming sample size is 1,555. The total population of holdings includes all active holdings from the statistical register of agricultural holdings. The samples are stratified by standard output groups. All holdings with a standard output of at least 200,000 euros are covered; for other holdings, stratified simple random sampling is used.
Areas of crops were prefilled on the basis of the Estonian Agricultural Registers and Information Board (ARIB) data.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data from statistical activity 21214 „Crop farming” are used.
Over five years
Data are collected and the submission of questionnaires is monitored through eSTAT (the web channel for electronic data submission). The questionnaires have been designed for independent completion in eSTAT and include instructions and controls. The questionnaires and information about data submission are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Questionnaires.
Data are collected with the annual official statistics questionnaire „Crop farming and Grasslands Maintenance”
Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with the data of previous periods.
In 2020, model-based calculation was used. The calculations were based on data from a set of sample agricultural holdings, which we call panel data. The panel was formed from the agricultural holdings that submitted data for the survey on the use of plant protection products. The data on the use of pesticides are collected as one module of the Crop Statistics Survey. For the sample agricultural holdings, the following data were available: economic size (standard output), crop area, and quantities of plant protection products used on different crops. The data of the panel were used for grossing up to the entire Estonian crop production. On the basis of the holdings belonging to the panel, a coefficient was found that related the total use of plant protection products and the total economic size of crop production. The obtained coefficient was applied to the total economic size of crop production in the whole country to find the total amount of plant protection products used in Estonia. The use of plant protection products by active substances and crops was found on the basis of the respective distributions of agricultural holdings in the panel.