Price of electricity and natural gas
Statistical activity code: 20409
Final consumption prices of electricity and natural gas for industrial and household end-users by consumption
End-users of electricity and natural gas:
- Industrial end-users;
- Household end-users.
Electricity household end-user – a consumer who uses electricity for its own household purposes which are outside his trade or profession.
Electricity industrial end-user – legal person using electricity for own consumption, i.e. all consumers excluding household end-users.
Electricity price per kWh – includes also all charges payable: excise tax plus the renewable energy fee plus network charges plus energy consumed minus any rebates or premiums, plus other charges (capacity charges, commercialisation, meter rental, etc.). Initial connection charges and VAT are excluded.
Enterprise – an enterprise consists of one or more companies (public limited company, private limited company, limited partnership, general partnership, commercial association) or branches of foreign companies or sole proprietors.
Natural gas household end-user – the consumer, who consumes natural gas for its own household purposes which are outside his trade or profession.
Natural gas industrial end-user – legal person using natural natural gas for own consumption, i.e. all consumers excluding household end-users.
Natural gas price per gigajoule (on the basis of gross calorifi vcalue) – includes also all charges payable: excise tax plus network charges plus energy consumed minus any rebates or premiums, plus other charges (capacity charges, commercialisation, meter rental, etc.). Initial connection charges and VAT are excluded.
The electricity excise tax – set by the state and is designed to cover environmental costs. The excise tax is added to bills in accordance with the alcohol, tobacco, fuel and electricity excise tax acts. The excise revenues go to the state budget.
The natural gas excise tax – set by the state and is designed to cover environmental costs. The excise tax is added to bills in accordance with the alcohol, tobacco, fuel and electricity excise tax acts. The excise revenues go to the state budget.
The renewable energy fee – set by the state. Its purpose is to subsidise the production of electricity from renewable sources or the combined production of heat and electricity in Estonia. Renewable energy fees are calculated and published by the transmission system operator Elering.
Enterprises who sell electricity and natural gas; and free consumers who buy electricity from the power exchange for their own use
List of enterprises who have been licensed to sell electricity and natural gas – obtained from the Register of Economic Activities of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications.
List of free consumers of electricity – obtained from the website of Nord Pool Spot (http://www.nordpoolspot.com).
Estonia as a whole
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS
Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/2169 of 21 November 2017 concerning the format and arrangements for the transmission of European Statistics on natural gas and electricity prices pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2016/1952 of the European Parliament and of the Council (Text with EEA relevance. )
Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/803 of 17 May 2019 concerning the technical requirements regarding the content of quality reports on European statistics on natural gas and electricity prices pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2016/1952 of the European Parliament and of the Council (Text with EEA relevance.)
Regulation (EU) 2016/1952 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 October 2016 on European statistics on natural gas and electricity prices and repealing Directive 2008/92/EC (Text with EEA relevance)
OTHER LEGAL ACTS
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
International Energy Agency (IEA)
United Nations (UN)
Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat)
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia (in Estonian). See more details on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Õigusaktid.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).
All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
Data are published in the statistical database at https://andmed.stat.ee/en/stat under the subject area “Economy / Energy / Energy efficiency indicators” in the following tables:
KE31: Gas price for industrial end-user by consumption (semiannual)
KE32: Gas price for households' end-user by consumption (semiannual)
KE33: Electricity price for industrial end-user by consumption (semiannual)
KE34: Electricity price for households' end-user by consumption (semiannual)
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes.
Data serve as input for statistical activity 21401 “National accounts (annual)” and 20407 “Consumer price index”.
REGULATION (EU) 2016/1952 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 26 October 2016 on European statistics on natural gas and electricity prices and repealing Directive 2008/92/EC (Text with EEA relevance)
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications
Eesti Pank (central bank of Estonia)
Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys. All results are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section User surveys.
In compliance with the rules (regulations)
The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the section Principles of dissemination of official statistics of the website of Statistics Estonia.
The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available.
Total population is 100 objects. All objects have been observed.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data are collected and the submission of questionnaires is monitored through eSTAT (the web channel for electronic data submission). The questionnaires have been designed for independent completion in eSTAT and include instructions and controls. The questionnaires and information about data submission are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Questionnaires.
Data are collected with the half-yearly statistical questionnaires “Price of electricity” and “Price of natural gas”.
Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with other data. Before data dissemination, internal coherence of the data is checked.
In case of missing or unreliable data, missing values are imputed according to set rules. Variables and statistical units which were not collected but which are necessary for producing output are calculated. New variables are calculated by applying arithmetic conversion to already existing variables. This may be done repeatedly; the derived variable may, in turn, be based on previously derived variables.
Microdata are aggregated to the level necessary for analysis. This includes summation of data according to the classification and calculating various statistical measures, e.g. average, median, dispersion, etc.
The collected data are converted into statistical output. This includes calculating additional variables. The basis of calculating average price is the weighted average price of the previous six months by consumer groups, which end-users have paid in the previous six months for electricity or natural gas. The amount of used electricity or natural gas is used as weights.