Population and housing census
Statistical activity code: 30001
Location, sex and age of the population; level of economic activity, work migration, migration, education, learning, native and immigrant population, health.
Demographic (marital status, fertility indicators) and ethno-cultural characteristics (ethnic nationality, citizenship, ability to speak a dialect, mother tongue) of the population.
Households by size, type and living conditions.
Buildings and dwellings by type, occupancy and comfort characteristics.
Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2
Classification of Estonian administrative units and settlements (EHAK)
International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO 08)
International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED 97)
Codes for the Representation of Names of Languages (ISO 639-2)
International Standard Codes for the Representation of the Names of Countries (ISO 3166)
During the Census, data are collected about the following:
location of the population;
economic activity of the population;
education and study migration (learning mobility);
demographic indicators of the population;
ethno-cultural indicators of the population;
native background and duration of residence;
households and families; living conditions of the households;
Moment of Census – the date and the time fixing the data collected by the Census. The moment of Census of the 2011 Population and Housing Census was on 31 December 2011 at 00.00.
Population (usual resident population) – permanent residents present in the certain administrative unit or settlement at the moment of Census and residents temporarily absent from there for less than a year. Permanent residents do not include foreign military and navy staff and diplomatic staff and their family members living with them and who were in the Republic of Estonia during the Census.
Place of residence (permanent/usual place of residence) – is usually the region or settlement, where a person spends most of his/her daily rest and sleep time. It may differ from the registered place of residence. The place of residence was the place where the person has been living continuously for at least 12 months before the moment of Census or before 31 December 2011, or where he/she came to live before the moment of Census, and where he/she intended to stay for at least one year.
- Persons, who lived away from home due to work for more than 12 months but spent most of their days off with their households, were considered to be residents at the address of their household.
- Pupils of general education schools and secondary vocational education institutions, who resided outside home during their studies, were generally considered to be residents at the address of their household.
- Students of institutions of higher education and post-secondary vocational education residing outside their former homes during their studies were generally considered to have a place of residence at the address at which they lived during the studies, provided that they lived there for the majority of the study period. If the student has his or her own (new) family, his or her place of residence was the residence of his or her family.
- Households (incl. one-member households), who regularly lived at several addresses during a year, were considered to have the place of residence at the address where they spent the majority of the year.
- Persons residing in an institution (children’s home, care home, custodial institution, etc.) were considered to be residents of that institution if they had been living in the institution for at least 12 months or more or who would stay there for more than a year.
- Persons in compulsory military or community service generally were considered to have their place of residence at the address where they lived before military service.
- The place of residence of the military and navy staff of the Republic of Estonia, diplomatic staff and their family members who live with them, and who were in a foreign country during the Census, their place of residence is in Estonia.
- If a person does not have a place of permanent residence, the place (dwelling, settlement) where he or she was at the moment of Census should be noted as his or her place of residence.
Dwelling – a family dwelling, a box of a terraced or semi-detached house or an apartment, if it is suitable for all-year-round habitation. Dwelling is also any other type of housing, which is the place of usual residence of at least one person at the moment of Census. Dwellings were classified as conventional dwellings, accommodation rooms (incl. dormitory rooms) and non-conventional dwellings. The number of rooms of institutions was not fixed in the Census.
Agricultural household plot
Permanent residents of Estonia and non- residents living in Estonia for three months or more
Dwellings (occupied or not) and non-conventional dwellings in Estonia
Estonia as a whole
Administrative and territorial units
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS
Regulation (EC) No 763/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008 on population and housing censuses
OTHER LEGAL ACTS
Commission Regulation (EC) No 1201/2009 of 30 November 2009 implementing Regulation (EC) No 763/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on population and housing censuses as regards the technical specifications of the topics and of their breakdowns
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34 and § 35 of the Official Statistics Act.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia: http://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/19410.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. On 1 October each year, the release times of the Statistical Database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications are announced in the release calendar (in case of publications – the release month).
All users have been granted an equal access to official statistics: this means that the dissemination dates of official statistics have to be announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) can have access to the official statistics (results of official statistical surveys) before other users. Statistical information is first published in the Statistical Database. In case a news release is published based on the same data, the information provided in the relevant news release is simultaneously published in the Statistical Database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8.00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
The news release can be viewed on the website http//www.stat.ee/news-releases.
„Pilte rahvaloendusest. Census Snapshots” (2013)
„Rahvastiku areng. Population Trends” (2015)
Data are published under the heading „Population and Housing Census” in the Statistical Database in http://pub.stat.ee.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34, § 35, § 36, § 37, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
Access to micro-data and anonymisation of micro-data are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s „Procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes”: http://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/51669.
Conference of European Statisticians Recommendations for the 2010 Censuses of Population and Housing. United Nations (with Eurostat; New York and Geneva, 2006)
An initial quality assessment has been published in „2011 Population and Housing Census. Methodology” (2014; www.stat.ee/dokumendid/77907).
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, EU Statistics Code of Practice and the ESS Quality Assurance Framework (QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements provided for in § 7. „Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process (this information includes, among other things, feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees). This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
Users’ suggestions and information about taking them into account are available on the SE website http://www.stat.ee/tooplaan.
Since 1996 Statistics Estonia conducts reputation surveys and user surveys.
All results are available on the website http://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.
In compliance with the rules (regulations).
The type of survey and the data collection methods ensure sufficient coverage and timeliness.
The Estonian Population Register was used to prepare the preliminary list of persons and their place of residence for the Population and Housing Census. About 20% of Estonia’s residents do not actually live at their registered place of residence – this may have caused under-coverage during the census.
The results of the Population and Housing Census are comparable across all those countries that conducted the census in accordance with Commission Regulation (EC) No 1201/2009 and the UN recommendations for the 2010 census round.
On the country level, the results of the Population and Housing Census are comparable with data from personal surveys conducted by Statistics Estonia and to a large extent with the results of the 2000 Population and Housing Census.
Data are consistent.
Data revision policy is described under item 2.3 of the Dissemination Policy of Statistics Estonia. Notification of corrections: http://www.stat.ee/dissemination-policy.
The data are imputed using the data of the Population Register, the Estonian Education Information System, and the 2000 Population and Housing Census (PHC 2000).
Total survey has been used.
Data are received from the Population Register, Estonian Education information System, Register of Taxable Persons, Register of Taxpayers and Withholding Agents, Register of Construction Works, health insurance database, unemployment insurance database, register of registered unemployed persons and jobseekers and labour market services, State Pension Insurance Register, Estonian National Topographic Database, Electronic Land Register, Address Data System (ADS), state register of Estonian citizens liable to mandatory duty to serve in the Defence Forces, Estonian Medical Birth Registry, and state register of prisoners, detained persons and persons in custody. Data of the list of institutions of the Ministry of Education and Research, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of the Interior and Ministry of Social Affairs. The following data are obtained from these sources: permanent residents of Estonia, pupils and students in Estonia, persons receiving income from work in Estonia, facilities available in dwellings, persons covered by health insurance in Estonia, registered unemployed persons, social security, address data, owners of buildings, prisoners and detained persons, conscripts, vital events (births, deaths), and persons living in state institutions.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data from statistical activity 40701 „Labour Force Survey” are used.
Over ten years
Data are collected via Computer Aided Web Interviewing (CAWI), Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) or Paper and Pen Interviewing (PAPI).
Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with administrative data sources. Before data dissemination, several checks on the internal coherence of the data are carried out.
Administrative data and the results of the 2000 Population and Housing Census are used for data verification and imputation.