Statistical activity code: 40012
Data about childcare, children’s living conditions, expenditures of households with children, poverty and deaths of children
Children and households with children
Absolute poverty rate – the share of persons with an equivalised annual disposable income lower than the absolute poverty threshold.
Adult and child(ren) – household consisting of one adult and at least one dependent child.
Child deprivation rate – the proportion of children up to the age of 16 whose household at least half of the persons (at least 16 years old) cannot afford five of the 13 components (of which at least three of these five components must be between components 1 to 7): 1) payment of rent and utilities, 2) keeping the home warm enough, 3) unforeseen expenses, 4) eating food containing meat, fish or equivalent proteins throughout the day, 5) a week's holiday away from home, 6) a car, 7) worn out, or replacement of damaged furniture, 8) replacement of worn-out clothes with new ones, 9) at least two pairs of outdoor shoes in good condition and suitable for our climate, 10) spending even a small amount on each week, 11) regularly participating in some paid leisure activities, 12) at least once a month meeting with friends or relatives to eat and drink together or 13) using the Internet at home for personal purposes, if necessary. For components 8–13, persons who are at least 16 years old will be asked. Therefore, when calculating the deprivation of these components for children, it has been taken into account that at least half of the household members (at least 16 years old) would have deprivation in these components.
Formal childcare – centre-based organised childcare, supervision and/or education for children aged 14 and younger (age as at interview day). Formal childcare includes pre-school education (kindergartens, crèches and other preschool institutions, preparatory courses for children of pre-school age, and pre-schools), children’s day care in childcare institutions (play rooms, family centres, etc.) with a professional minder and compulsory formal education (schools).
Housing cost overburden rate – the percentage of the population living in households where the total housing costs represent more than 40% of disposable income.
Material deprivation rate – the share of persons who cannot afford at least three of the following nine items: 1) to pay their rent or utility bills, 2) to keep their home adequately warm, 3) to face unexpected expenses, 4) to eat meat, fish or a protein equivalent every second day, 5) a week’s holiday away from home, 6) a car, 7) a washing machine, 8) a colour TV or 9) a telephone.
Overcrowding rate – the percentage of the population living in an overcrowded household. A household is overcrowded if the household does not have at its disposal a minimum number of rooms equal to:
- one room for the household;
- one room per couple in the household;
- one room for each single person aged 18 or more;
- one room per pair of single persons of the same gender between 12 and 17 years of age;
- one room for each single person between 12 and 17 years of age and not included in the previous category;
- one room per pair of children under 12 years of age.
Relative poverty rate (at-risk-of-poverty rate) – the share of persons with an equivalised annual disposable income lower than the relative poverty (at-risk-of-poverty) threshold.
Severe material deprivation rate – the share of persons who cannot afford at least four of the following nine items: 1) to pay their rent or utility bills, 2) to keep their home adequately warm, 3) to face unexpected expenses, 4) to eat meat, fish or a protein equivalent every second day, 5) a week’s holiday away from home, 6) a car, 7) a washing machine, 8) a colour TV or 9) a telephone.
Work intensity in a household – the total number of months spent by working-age household members (aged 59 and under) in employment or self-employment during the income reference period relative to the maximum number of months the household members could have spent in employment or self-employment. The indicator ranges from zero (no working-age member worked) to one (all working-age members worked throughout the income reference period). Dependent children are not counted as working-age household members.
Children (0–17 years old)
Households and their members living at the address registered in the Population Register
Estonia as a whole
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia (in Estonian). See more details on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section Õigusaktid.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).
All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
Data are published under the subject area “Social life / Well-being of children” in the statistical database at http://pub.stat.ee.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes.
The concept of child well-being was published in the 1st quarter of 2014 as an e-publication; it is open for further discussions and serves as the basis for the development of the measurement of child well-being.
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
Ministry of Social Affairs
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Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys. All results are available on the website of Statistics Estonia in the section User surveys.
The data are complete and in compliance with the data composition requirements of the European Commission regulation.
The accuracy of source data is monitored by assessing the methodological soundness of data sources and the adherence to the methodological recommendations.
Sampling error estimates are calculated for all indicators found, but are published only for more important indicators.
Although a person has the obligation to ensure correctness of residential address in the population register, there is some under-coverage of persons and households there. Assuming that all persons living permanently in Estonia are registered in the population register and considering the amount of imprecise addresses in the population register, the under-coverage of households may be at most 1–1.5%.
The indicators of child poverty, material deprivation and coping have been calculated based on the Estonian Social Survey (ESS) data. Social Survey is a personal survey aimed at assessing the income distribution, living conditions and social exclusion of households and individuals. The survey is carried out in all European Union Member States as well as in Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey, which makes the data of these countries comparable.
Since 2012, net income, which serves as the basis for child poverty and inequality indicators, is derived from the Estonian Social Survey and partly from registry data (Tax and Customs Board, Unemployment Insurance Fund, Health Insurance Fund, Social Insurance Board).
Differences in the methodology, especially in the data collection instrument, need to be taken into account when comparing the statistics with data from other sources.
The internal consistency of the data is ensured by the use of a common methodology for data collection and data aggregation.
The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the section Principles of dissemination of official statistics of the website of Statistics Estonia.
The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available.
Since 2012 statistics are calculated partially on the basis of the data of registers (Tax and Customs Board, Unemployment Insurance Fund, Health Insurance Fund, Social Insurance Board). Also the data of the Population Register and Estonian Causes of Death Registry are used.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data from statistical activity 40003 “Household Panel Survey”, 40013 “Labour Force Survey”, 40203 “Household Budget Survey“ and 30101 “Population” are used.
Data from Population Register are received via X-Road. Data from Tax and Customs Board are received via an FTP-server and X-Road. Data from Unemployment Insurance Fund, Health Insurance Fund and Social Insurance Board are received via an FTP-server.
In the case of missing or unreliable data, estimate imputation based on established regulations is used.
Variables and statistical units which were not collected but which are necessary for producing the output are calculated. New variables are calculated by applying arithmetic conversion to already existing variables. This may be done repeatedly, the derived variable may, in turn, be based on previously derived new variables.
Microdata are aggregated to the level necessary for analysis. This includes aggregating the data according to the classification, and calculating various statistical measuring indicators, such as the average, median, dispersion, etc.
The collected data are converted into statistical output. This includes calculating additional indicators.